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The Chemical composition of the post-AGB F-supergiant CRL 2688
(1) National Astronomical Observatory of Japan; (2) Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences; (3) Indian Institute of Astrophysics; (4) Herschel Science Centre, ESAC; (5)IAC; (6) ULL; (7) CSIC
We present an analysis of a high resolution (R~50,000) optical spectrum of the central region of the proto-planetary nebula CRL 2688. This object is thought to have recently moved off the AGB, and display abundance patterns of CNO and heavy elements that can provide us with important clues to understand the nucleosynthesis, dredge-up and mixing experienced by the envelope of the central star during its AGB stage of evolution. The analysis of the molecular features, presumably originated from the circumstellar matter provides further constraints on the chemistry and velocity of the expanding shell, expelled as a consequence of the strong mass loss experienced by the central star. We confirm that the central star shows a spectrum typical of an F-type supergiant with Teff=7250 K, log g=0.5 and [Fe/H]=-0.3 dex. We find that the abundance pattern of this object is characterized by enhancements of Carbon ([C/Fe]=0.6), Nitrogen ([N/Fe]=1.0) and Na ([Na/Fe]=0.7), similar to other previously known carbon-rich post-AGB stars. Yttrium is also enhanced while the [Ba/Y] ratio is very low (-1.0), indicating that only the light s-process elements are enhanced. The Zinc abundance is found to be normal, [Zn/Fe]=0.0, suggesting that there is no depletion of refractory elements. The Halpha, Na I and K I resonance lines show prominent emission components, whose helio-centric radial velocities are offsetted by -41 km/s relative to the photospheric metal-absorption lines. The molecular features of C_2 and CN also show emission components, whose velocities are consistent with the emission components of the Halpha, Na I, and K I lines. On the other hand, their absorption components are more highly blue shifted than the corresponding emission components, which suggests that the regions where the emission and absorption components arise are expanding at different velocities.